What is the renal system?

The renal system produces, stores and eliminates urine, the fluid waste excreted by the kidneys.  The kidneys make urine by filtering wastes and extra water from blood.  Urine travels from the kidneys through two thin tubes called ureters and fills the bladder.

Kidney stones or renal lithiasis, are small hard mineral deposits that form inside your kidneys.  The stones are made of mineral and acid saltsThey may cause pain when they begin to pass into the ureter.

FSGS or focal segmental glomerulosclerosis is a cause of nephrotic syndrome in children and adolescents, as well as a leading cause of kidney failure in adults. 

Lupus nephritis is a type of kidney disease caused by systemic lupus erythematosus.

Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys lose the ability to remove waste and balance fluids.  It can be chronic or acute.

PKD or polycystic kidney disease is a genetic disorder that causes many cysts to grow in the kidneys.  PKD cysts cause high blood pressure and problems with blood vessels in the brain and heart.  Cysts can also grow in the liver.

Kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a donor in someone whose kidneys no longer function properly.

Kidney infection or pyelonephritis is a type of urinary tract infection that generally begins in the urethra or bladder and travels up into the kidneys. 

HSP or Henoch-Schonlein Purpura, is a disorder causing inflammation and bleeding in the small blood vessels of the skin, joints, intestines and kidneys. It is most common before the age of 7.

Glomerular diseases have a number of different causes. They may be the result of an infection or a drug toxic to the kidneys or from a disease affecting the entire body like lupus or diabetes.

Renal artery stenosis is a narrowing of arteries that carry blood to the kidneys which often leads to high blood pressure and kidney damage.

Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland caused by infection, injury or an immune system disorder.

Interstitial cystitis is a chronic condition causing bladder pressure, bladder pain and pelvic pain.  The symptoms may vary and periodically flare in response to common triggers.

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